Cuba: What Do We Mean By Revolution?
Cuba: What Do We Mean By Revolution?
April 2, 2012
HAVANA TIMES, April 2 — The question of what do we really mean by
revolution came to me recently while I was reading the official Granma
newspaper. It talked about how a group of self-employed workers had
reaffirmed their commitment to the "revolution."
I don't know how many times I've heard and read the word revolution
throughout my life. I don't know how many slogans with the word
"revolution" are batted around in school. But never until now have I
wondered what exactly the revolution really is.
I just hope no one tries to clarify my questioning by suggesting that I
again listen to or read the famous concept of Revolution stated by the
eternal leader of the Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro. It wouldn't
surprise me if I found that concept in some encyclopedia or a dictionary
after even having heard it even in the Coubre Terminal. It was read over
the same screeching microphone that announces the arrivals and
departures of the buses and trains.
However, when our leader — displaying his usual brilliance (let's recall
the planting of Carturra coffee and the Ten Million Ton Harvest) —
announced the concept, there had already been talk of Revolution (with a
capital letter) to refer to the process that took place, has taken place
and supposedly is taking and will continue (?) to take place in Cuba.
It amazes me the ease with which people say the word "revolution,"
apparently with full knowledge of what they are talking about.
I remember the years of the Special Period crisis when the slogan became
"Save the Nation, the Revolution and Socialism." The Revolution that we
were being asked to save was the one that had triumphed in 1959, and
afterwards we saw the elimination of even the smallest private
businesses (corner groceries, cafes, food stands and sales carts) as the
last remnants of the bourgeoisie.
It was within this same Revolution, without there being a change of
government, that it later proved necessary to issue licenses to re-open
small businesses in the nineties. Twenty years since then, the
government has had to again start issuing licenses to save that same
nation, Revolution and our so-called "socialism."
It was within this same Revolution that we saw the creation of UMAP
(Military Units to Aid Production), which were types of labor camps for
homosexuals, hippies, rockers, religious believers, criminals and anyone
who would fit into the bag of showing "improper" behavior.
A Seventh-Day Adventist cousin of mine was unable to get into the
university after having expressed her religious affiliation. She lost
several jobs for the same reason, and on several occasions her family
was encouraged to leave the country.
The Revolution brought us an atheist state in which no practitioners of
any religion could be members of the Communist Party of Cuba.
Then, without speaking of another revolution, religious believers were
suddenly allowed into the party, and we began to receive the visits in
solidarity by the group Pastors for Peace. We even had a visit from Pope
John Paul II in 1998.
And who greeted him in person? …excommunicated Commander-in-Chief Fidel
Castro, the same one who declared this an atheist state. And where did
the Pope officiate his Mass? …in Revolution Square. And there they were
with him, all of the party members (Catholic or not) following the
directive to welcome the Pope with "affection and respect."
Now, not only have we decorated the city to receive a second Pope, but
Masses and religious messages are being broadcast on television.
Now we also have the annual Day Against Homophobia, though homophobia
remains in the minds of police officers and leaders. Nevertheless, the
issue of homosexuality is addressed on the radio and television and
there is at least talk about tolerance.
Those within the Revolution itself who had the idea instilled in them
that homosexuality was an aberration, immoral and inconsistent with the
concept of the new man, can only look at this with their jaws hanging open.
Yet all of this happened without the government having felt the need to
apologize for the host of outrages committed against homosexuals,
religious believers or against anyone who dared to be different or
demonstrate their differences.
It would be at least a little coherent if the government were able, in
one fell swoop, to respect all differences, and not just those of sexual
orientation or religious beliefs, but also political ones.
At some point during this same Revolution, the government decided that
it was illegal to possess dollars, and many people went to jail for that
crime. During the Special Period crisis of the '90s the government
decriminalized that currency of consumerism and imperialism as one of
the measures to save the nation, the Revolution and Socialism.
But those who were in jail at the time they undertook that patriotic
measure, remained in jail.
In 1994, I met a man who had been arrested for the possession of dollars
just weeks prior to their decriminalization. I met him after he had just
completed his two-year sentence.
I never knew if the Nation, the Revolution and Socialism were saved.
Those who were saved were people fortunate enough to have some relative
living abroad. Those former betrayers were now the bringers of dollars,
clothes, shoes and food.
The patriots (including my parents) remained as self-sacrificing workers
loyal to the government while existing on their paltry state salaries
paid in worthless national currency.
Yet they witnessed how the better future that they believed themselves
to be constructing was vanishing. Now they know that this will be forever.
All these contradictions belong in the same film, which has now lasted
fifty-three years, shot entirely under the label of "socialism" – a
system that, according to the eternal leader himself, no one knows how
to build (apparently not even him).
He said this without blushing after more than fifty years of experiments
with the lives of the Cuban people.
I know that someone might tell me that everything has been consistent
with the concept of the revolution expressed by the eternal leader:
"Revolution means changing everything that must be changed."
This is the phrase that I like most in his concept. But what it doesn't
say is who decides what changes should be carried out or who decides
when to carry them out.
So far in Cuba, what changes to make and when to perform them have been
decided by an elite, desperate to hold onto power.